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Building Capability

What is Capacity Building and Why Should You Care About It?


We’ll cut the fat: There are some conflicting takes on capacity building out there. So, we’ll demystify the process and discuss how you can build the capacity for change and success in your organisation in this article. 


What is capacity building?  

Capacity building refers to the process of developing and strengthening an organisation’s ability to achieve business outcomes, often for changing circumstances like growth, expansion or competitive advantage. 

But first, what is capacity? 

For clarity throughout this guide, we’ll define it as existing resources and infrastructure used by organisations to achieve their goals. 

Capacity can take many forms, like: 

What is the purpose of capacity building?

If we’re talking about resources, intellectual capital and infrastructure, then capacity building is a question of developing the organisation’s ability to change. 

Change doesn’t have a shelf life. Routine ways of work may be fine in times of stability, but they’ll often shatter in the face of external uncertainty. Lacking sustainable development of capacity means that: 

All that is to say you’ll lack the maturity to enact change on any level other than ad hoc, which won’t have any real measurable outcomes nor a replicable process. (And is wholly unhelpful for an enterprise-wide transformation such as capability building.) 

That can lead to change fatigue, which only puts organisational development and HR on the back foot trying to rehabilitate their image. But for the business at large, it means that strategy will be poorly enacted at the most granular level—i.e., how work gets done on the daily. You can say goodbye to competitive advantage in that case, and don’t even bother considering sustainability and resilience, either. 

We pioneered the performance learning management system (PLMS) to give organisations the information necessary to build capacity. It’s the only solution designed to guide employees to master the capabilities of that roles—to ensure you have the right capabilities in the right place when you need them.

And since Acorn PLMS is built on capabilities and performance outcomes (not just compliance and learning completions), and therefore designed to present truly contextual learning opportunities, you can develop a learning culture to create near self-sustaining capacity within your workforce.

How to assess and build organisational capacity 

If capacity building is also an exercise in building resilience, adaptability, sustainability and more efficient ways of work, then we can make a couple of assumptions.  

  1. Understanding capacity needs requires clear data on business challenges.  
  2. Capacity is as much a cultural and behavioural problem as it is architectural.  

That brings us to a data-backed, long-term process specifically aimed at creating lasting organisational change. 

  1. Diagnose your deficits 
  2. Establish current capacity 
  3. Invest in people and culture. 

Diagnosing capacity deficits 

Very often, the symptoms of a business problem are not indicative of the root cause. So, you need to dig deep on what is actually hurting capacity. 

A capacity assessment is somewhere between an environmental scan and a needs analysis. Some guiding questions here include: 

You’ll need to have a sound understanding of what goals the CEO has put in place for the future to truly assess the threat of a capacity deficit. Defining the business need and mission of the project will also make it easier to get buy in from stakeholders. 

Establishing capacity pools 

Most capacity deficits will come back to two potential root causes. 

  1. Availability of talent 
  2. Knowledge systems. 

We flag these because they’re also the easiest wins to make when building capacity. One helps you come from the cultural and behavioural angle, while the other asks you to think about infrastructure. 

Availability of talent  

The relevance and urgency of skills, behaviours and knowledge (aka capabilities) fluctuates constantly, changing the reality of work. This impacts the strategic weight of intellectual capital throughout your organisation, but also changes the accuracy of job role design in real time.  

Skills databases and talent marketplaces do the heavy data collection for you by compiling a current and central list of capabilities and their maturity by role and function within your organisation. This aids organisation-wide pulse checks on what capabilities you have available for capacity needs.  

Knowledge systems 


Knowledge management systems sustain the capabilities that drive capacity. This is done by enabling necessary collection, storage and transfer of knowledge and skills, as well as making it freely available amongst your workforce. Think of it like a little technical assistance for capacity building activities. 

Developing your workforce 

A sister process to capacity building is capability building. The two meet when we talk about developing organisational capacity to change. 

In order to build and even maintain capacity, you need to be building capability. Think of it as like a supply and demand dynamic; capability is the supply, capacity is the demand. That’s so on two fronts. 

  1. Without the right capabilities available at the right time, your organisation won’t have the fuel to power change. 
  2. New capabilities bring about change themselves, meaning that it’s a self-fulfilling cycle to build both capacity and capability. 

Say an environmental scan shows you’ve got constrained capacity in your sales department. That could be bottlenecks and low close rates. A capacity diagnosis uncovers that it’s a talent and resource issue of not enough of the right roles.  

line graph showing the business alignment between capacity maturity and capability maturity

That gives you two angles from which to attack: 

  1. Job role and team design 
  2. Individual capability. 

The former is a business architecture task, the latter one for L&D. Both can be linked back to training and development opportunities designed to bridge the capability gaps impacting capacity. Think product knowledge, positive behaviours and knowledge systems that help reps execute their KPIs.  

Key takeaways  

Any capacity building strategy should start at the institutional level to consider business needs and challenges. From there, you want to look to potential areas of impact like workforce and strategic planning, L&D, leadership and knowledge systems.  

Any capacity building initiatives you undertake should be coupled with developing skills, knowledge and behaviours to an optimal level of performance. This is so capacity isn’t reliant on a number of people in your organisation or external support—rather, the point is that your organisation has self-sufficient internal momentum. 

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